In this guide
OverviewBack to top
The amount of notice we give depends on the type of hearing, and we count the number of days’ notice provided to the nurse or midwife from the day after the notice is sent.1
Our Rules specify how many days’ notice we should give and the information the notice should contain.2
We will notify a nurse or midwife of any hearing in relation to their fitness to practise and give them the opportunity to attend. We will also notify a nurse or midwife of certain meetings and give them the opportunity to send in a written response.
Where do we send notices?Back to top
We have to send the notice of hearing by post. We use recorded delivery and provide the panel with a copy of the recorded delivery details.
We do not have to show that the nurse or midwife has read the notice, only that we sent it to the correct address, giving enough notice of the hearing in line with our legal requirements.
We send our notice of hearing to the nurse or midwife’s address which is held on our register.3
Nurses and midwives are required to provide us with an up to date address for our register and they should inform us within 28 days of any change of details.4 If the nurse or midwife hasn’t given us their up to date address, we’ll send any notice to the last known address, if it’s more likely to reach them there.5
We’ll make reasonable efforts to serve the notice on the nurse or midwife. However, information from a third party, for example from an employer or the police, won’t mean we’ll treat a new address as a ‘last known address’ unless the nurse or midwife has confirmed to us that it’s the right address for us to communicate with them. We may have to send confidential and sensitive documents and need to comply with data protection requirements.
If we’ve been told that the nurse or midwife is represented, we’ll also send a copy of the notice to the representative by post or email.6 Sending notice to the representative is not an alternative and we only do this in addition to sending the notice to the nurse or midwife.
Notice of interim orderBack to top
There’s no minimum notice period for an interim order hearing, but the notice we give must be reasonable in the circumstances of the case.7 There is no definition of what ‘reasonable’ notice is, but our interim order guidance gives more details on the approach we take.
We try to give at least seven days’ notice of an initial interim order hearing, however this may be shorter in certain cases where we need to restrict a nurse or midwife’s practice as a matter of urgency. For instance, if the allegations are particularly serious, or we feel there are urgent public protection needs, we may need to send the notice less than seven days before the hearing.
If the nurse or midwife does not attend the interim order hearing a panel will decide whether the notice given is reasonable. A panel will consider:
- the nature of the allegation
- the primary objective of public protection, and
- the fairness of the interim order procedure as a whole.8
Because we will ask for interim orders only where there’s an urgent need to restrict the nurse or midwife’s practice, it may be reasonable to continue with a hearing even though the nurse or midwife might only have been given a few days’ notice of the hearing.
If a panel makes an order and the nurse or midwife was unable to attend the hearing or provide detailed submissions because of the shorter notice period, we can schedule an early review of the order.
For review hearings we try to give fourteen days’ notice, but there may be instances where we provide a shorter timeframe. Our guidance on interim order reviews gives further details.
We will usually review interim orders at private meetings if we are not aware of any changes in circumstances since the order was made. The nurse or midwife will not be sent a notice of this meeting in advance, and if they want their review to take place at a hearing, then we will arrange one.
Notice of preliminary hearingBack to top
We must send notices of preliminary meetings to the nurse or midwife no less than fourteen days’ before the meeting is to take place.9 The notice gives the nurse or midwife details of the date, time and venue of the preliminary meeting, and that they may attend in person, over the telephone, or provide written responses.
To help the nurse or midwife to prepare for the meeting, this notice will also include our reasons for holding the preliminary meeting, and a copy of any documents that we intend to show the Chair.
Notice of final, substantive order review or restoration hearingsBack to top
We have to send notice of final (or ‘substantive’) hearings, and substantive order review or restoration hearings to the nurse or midwife no less than 28 days before the hearing.10
What’s in the letter?
The date, time and venue of the hearing. If we have to change the venue for the hearing after the notice has been sent, we’ll inform the nurse or midwife in writing where possible.
The letter also gives an explanation of the nurse or midwife’s right to:
- attend, be represented and present their own evidence
- call witnesses to give evidence on their behalf
- cross-examine any witnesses that we call to give evidence.
We ask the nurse or midwife to tell us within 14 days of the notice being received, whether they plan on attending the hearing, and if they will be represented, or if they aren’t attending, whether they’ll be represented in their absence. We ask them to tell us this.
What’s in the notice letter?
In cases where the allegations relate solely to a nurse or midwife’s health, which mean that we hold meetings in private, the notice letter also gives the nurse or midwife the option to request that their hearing is held in public.
The notice of final hearing will contain a charge that sets out the allegations in detail, including the facts that the panel will consider.
We ask the nurse or midwife to respond to the allegations and let them know that any admissions made will be taken into account by the panel considering their case.
We also tell the nurse or midwife of possible actions that the panel may take at the hearing. This includes the sanctions that a panel may impose on the nurse or midwife if their fitness to practise is found impaired.
For substantive order review or restoration hearings, the notice must contain a copy of the order made against the nurse or midwife at the final hearing, and the panel’s reasons for making that order. If an early substantive order review is required, we will inform the nurse or midwife that the order is being held under the panel’s power of early review.
In addition to our legal requirements, we include other information that we feel will help the nurse or midwife to prepare for their hearing. This includes links to our website about the hearing process.
Notice of final, substantive order review or restoration meetingsBack to top
As with the notice of hearing, we send a notice of final (or substantive), substantive order review or restoration meeting to the nurse or midwife no later than 28 days before the meeting.
What’s in the notice letter?
The notice doesn’t give the exact date of the meeting, but it tells the nurse or midwife the earliest date the meeting could be held.
A charge that sets out the allegations in detail and includes any documents or evidence that we have not already sent to the nurse or midwife.
We ask the nurse or midwife to respond to these allegations within 28 days and inform them that any admissions they make will be considered by the panel considering their case.
We also set out the possible actions the panel may take at the hearing, which includes the panel’s power to make an interim order, and the sanctions it may impose on the nurse or midwife if their fitness to practise is found impaired.
In the case of a substantive order review meeting, the notice will contain a copy of the order made against the nurse or midwife at the final hearing, and the panel’s reasons for making that order. The meeting will be held before the substantive order expires.
Notice of resuming a hearingBack to top
Where a hearing has been postponed or adjourned to resume at a later date, we must notify the nurse or midwife of the date, time and venue of the resuming hearing as soon as we are able to do so.
There is no minimum notice period and there is no legal requirement for a resuming hearing notice to be in writing,11 however, we will send the nurse or midwife confirmation of the date, time and venue following the adjournment, in writing where we can.
Before the hearing adjourns, we will try to agree the date, time and venue of the resuming hearing with the nurse or midwife, if they’ve attended. If everyone agrees during the hearing, the panel Chair will announce the details of the resuming hearing before the hearing adjourns.
If the nurse or midwife didn’t attend the hearing, or it wasn’t possible to agree on a resuming date, we’ll confirm the details after the hearing, and send people the details as soon as we can.
1 Rule 34(5)(a) the Rules
2 The Nursing and Midwifery Council (Fitness to Practise) Rules 2004 (“the Rules”)
3 Rule 34(1)(a) of the Rules
4 General Medical Council v Olufemi Adeyinka Adeogba, General Medical Council v Evangelos-Efstathios Visvardis,  EWCA Civ 162, paragraphs 21-23
5 Rule 34(1)(b) of the Rules
6 Rule 34(2) of the Rules
7 Rule 8(4) of the Rules
8 Rule 8(6) of the Rules
9 Rule 18(4) of the Rules
10 Rule 11(1)(b) of the Rules
11 Rule 32(3) of the Rules
The guidance in our library, needs to be read alongside our NMC Guidance during the Covid-19 emergency period. We have new rules that are in force during the period of the coronavirus emergency that are relevant to how it applies.
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