Directly referring specified offences to the Fitness to Practise Committee

Reference: FTP-2c-1

Last Updated 29/11/2021

We’ll usually refer the most serious cases of criminal offending straight to the Fitness to Practise Committee. We call this a direct referral. These cases include those where the courts gave the nurse, midwife or nursing associate a sentence of immediate imprisonment, or if the nature of their offending was particularly grave.

We call convictions of that level of seriousness ‘specified offences’. We will always take into account how long ago the offending happened when we decide whether to send it directly to the Committee.

What are specified offences?

For us, specified offences include: 

  • hate crimes
  • sexual offences
  • other serious offences (listed below)

Hate crimes

We consider that a hate crime includes any criminal offence which is perceived by the victim or any other person, to be motivated by hostility or prejudice based on a person's race or perceived race; religion or perceived religion; sexual orientation or perceived sexual orientation; disability or perceived disability and any crime motivated by hostility or prejudice against a person who is transgender or perceived to be transgender.1

Sexual offences

Sexual offences include any offences which involve sexual activity or sexual motivation. They also include offences which relate to images or videos involving child sexual abuse.

Other serious offences

A direct referral is likely to be appropriate for the following categories of serious criminal offending:

  • murder
  • human trafficking
  • slavery, servitude and forced or compulsory labour
  • extortion
  • blackmail
  • manslaughter
  • kidnapping
  • causing an explosion likely to endanger life or property
  • serious offences under the Firearms Act 1968
  • causing death by dangerous driving
  • hostage taking
  • torture
  • serious drug related offences
  • hijacking offences
  • offences that relate to:
    • serious harm to the security of the state or to public order
    • serious interference with the administration of justice or with the investigation of offences
    • the death or serious injury of any person, or a substantial financial gain or serious financial loss to any person

1 This definition was used by the CPS and the former Association of Chief Police Officers.

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